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Impactites from Popigai Crater
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Author and Affiliation:
Masaitis, V. L.(Karpinsky Geological Research Inst., Saint Petersburg, Ussr)
Abstract: Impactites (tagamites and suevites) from Popigai impact crater, whose diameter is about 100 km, are distributed over an area of 5000 sq km. The continuous sheet of suevite overlies the allogenic polymict breccia and partly authogenic breccia, and may also be observed in lenses or irregular bodies. The thickness of suevites in the central part of the crater is more than 100 m. Suevites may be distinguished by content of vitroclasts, lithoclasts, and crystalloclasts, by their dimensions, and by type of cementation, which reflects the facial settings of ejection of crushed and molten material, its sedimentation and lithification. Tagamites (impact melt rocks) are distributed on the surface predominantly in the western sector of the crater. The most characteristic are thick sheetlike bodies overlying the allogenic breccia and occurring in suevites where minor irregular bodies are widespread. The maximal thickness of separate tagamite sheets is up to 600 m. Tagamites, whose matrix is crystallized to a different degree, include fragments of minerals and gneiss blocks, among them shocked and thermally metamorphosed ones. Tagamite sheets have a complex inner structure; separate horizontal zones distinguish in crystallinity and fragment saturation. Differentiation in the impact melt in situ was not observed. The average chemical compositions of tagamites and suevites are similar, and correspond to the composition of biotite-garnet gneisses of the basement. According to the content of supplied Ir, Ni, and other siderophiles, impact melt was contaminated by 5 percent cosmic matter of collided body, probably ordinary chondrite. The total volume of remaining products of chilled impact melt is about 1750 cu km. Half this amount is represented by tagamite bodies. Though impact melt was in general well homogenized, the trend analysis showed that the concentric zonation is distribution of SiO2, MgO, and Na2O and the bandlike distribution of FeO and Al2O3 content testifies to a certain inheritance and heterogeneity in country rock composition laterally and vertically in the melting zone.
Publication Date: Jan 01, 1992
Document ID:
19930000976
(Acquired Dec 28, 1995)
Accession Number: 93N10164
Subject Category: ASTROPHYSICS
Document Type: Conference Paper
Publication Information: Lunar and Planetary Inst., International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution; p 51
Publisher Information: United States
Financial Sponsor: NASA; United States
Organization Source: Karpinsky Geological Research Inst.; Saint Petersburg, Ussr
Description: 1p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: ALUMINUM OXIDES; BRECCIA; EJECTA; EXTRATERRESTRIAL MATTER; GNEISS; IMPACT MELTS; MAGNESIUM OXIDES; METAMORPHISM (GEOLOGY); METEORITE CRATERS; PETROLOGY; SEDIMENTS; SILICON DIOXIDE
Imprint And Other Notes: In Lunar and Planetary Inst., International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution p 51 (SEE N93-10112 01-46)
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