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X-43C Flight Demonstrator Project Overview
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Author and Affiliation:
Moses, Paul L.(NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, United States)
Abstract: The X-43C Flight Demonstrator Project is a joint NASA-USAF hypersonic propulsion technology flight demonstration project that will expand the hypersonic flight envelope for air-breathing engines. The Project will demonstrate sustained accelerating flight through three flights of expendable X-43C Demonstrator Vehicles (DVs). The approximately 16-foot long X-43C DV will be boosted to the starting test conditions, separate from the booster, and accelerate from Mach 5 to Mach 7 under its own power and autonomous control. The DVs will be powered by a liquid hydrocarbon-fueled, fuel-cooled, dual-mode, airframe integrated scramjet engine system developed under the USAF HyTech Program. The Project is managed by NASA Langley Research Center as part of NASA's Next Generation Launch Technology Program. Flight tests will be conducted by NASA Dryden Flight Research Center off the coast of California over water in the Pacific Test Range. The NASA/USAF/industry project is a natural extension of the Hyper-X Program (X-43A), which will demonstrate short duration (approximately 10 seconds) gaseous hydrogen-fueled scramjet powered flight at Mach 7 and Mach 10 using a heavy-weight, largely heat sink construction, experimental engine. The X-43C Project will demonstrate sustained accelerating flight from Mach 5 to Mach 7 (approximately 4 minutes) using a flight-weight, fuel-cooled, scramjet engine powered by much denser liquid hydrocarbon fuel. The X-43C DV design flows from integrating USAF HyTech developed engine technologies with a NASA Air-Breathing Launch Vehicle accelerator-class configuration and Hyper-X heritage vehicle systems designs. This paper describes the X-43C Project and provides the background for NASA's current hypersonic flight demonstration efforts.
Publication Date: Jan 01, 2003
Document ID:
20040042495
(Acquired Apr 06, 2004)
Subject Category: AIRCRAFT PROPULSION AND POWER
Report/Patent Number: Paper-2C-3
Coverage: Final Report
Document Type: Preprint
Meeting Information: Joint JANNAF Subcommittee Meeting: 39th Combustion; 1-5 Dec. 2003; Colorado Springs, CO; United States
Joint JANNAF Subcommittee Meeting: 27th Airbreathing; 1-5 Dec. 2003; Colorado Springs, CO; United States
Meeting Sponsor: Department of the Army;
NASA; Washington, DC, United States
Department of the Navy;
Department of the Air Force
Contract/Grant/Task Num: 22-794-70-60
Financial Sponsor: NASA Langley Research Center; Hampton, VA, United States
Organization Source: NASA Langley Research Center; Hampton, VA, United States
Description: 10p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: X-43 VEHICLE; AIR BREATHING ENGINES; GENERAL OVERVIEWS; HYPERSONIC FLIGHT; TECHNOLOGY UTILIZATION; NASA PROGRAMS; FLIGHT TESTS; HEAT SINKS; LIQUID FUELS; LAUNCH VEHICLES; INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION; HYDROGEN FUELS; AUTOMATIC CONTROL; MACH NUMBER; SUPERSONIC COMBUSTION RAMJET ENGINES
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