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Realizing "2001: A Space Odyssey": Piloted Spherical Torus Nuclear Fusion Propulsion
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Author and Affiliation:
Williams, Craig H.(NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, United States);
Dudzinski, Leonard A.(NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, United States);
Borowski, Stanley K.(NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, United States);
Juhasz, Albert J.(NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, United States)
Abstract: A conceptual vehicle design enabling fast, piloted outer solar system travel was created predicated on a small aspect ratio spherical torus nuclear fusion reactor. The initial requirements were satisfied by the vehicle concept, which could deliver a 172 mt crew payload from Earth to Jupiter rendezvous in 118 days, with an initial mass in low Earth orbit of 1,690 mt. Engineering conceptual design, analysis, and assessment was performed on all major systems including artificial gravity payload, central truss, nuclear fusion reactor, power conversion, magnetic nozzle, fast wave plasma heating, tankage, fuel pellet injector, startup/re-start fission reactor and battery bank, refrigeration, reaction control, communications, mission design, and space operations. Detailed fusion reactor design included analysis of plasma characteristics, power balance/utilization, first wall, toroidal field coils, heat transfer, and neutron/x-ray radiation. Technical comparisons are made between the vehicle concept and the interplanetary spacecraft depicted in the motion picture 2001: A Space Odyssey.
Publication Date: Mar 01, 2005
Document ID:
20050160960
(Acquired Apr 22, 2005)
Subject Category: SPACECRAFT PROPULSION AND POWER
Report/Patent Number: NASA/TM-2005-213559, E-15003, AIAA Paper 2001-3805
Document Type: Technical Report
Meeting Information: 37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit; 8-11 Jul. 2001; Salt Lake City, UT; United States
Meeting Sponsor: American Inst. of Aeronautics and Astronautics; United States
Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.; United States
American Society of Mechanical Engineers; United States
American Inst. of Chemical Engineers; United States
Contract/Grant/Task Num: WBS 22-973-90-01
Financial Sponsor: NASA Glenn Research Center; Cleveland, OH, United States
Organization Source: NASA Glenn Research Center; Cleveland, OH, United States
Description: 52p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: ARTS; CONTROLLED FUSION; FUSION PROPULSION; FUSION REACTORS; INTERPLANETARY SPACECRAFT; JUPITER PROBES; LITERATURE; SPACECRAFT DESIGN; SPACECRAFT PROPULSION; SPHERICAL PLASMAS; TOROIDAL PLASMAS; TORUSES
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