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Hybrid Collaborative Learning for Classification and Clustering in Sensor Networks
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External Online Source: http://www.techbriefs.com/component/content/article/12619
Author and Affiliation:
Wagstaff, Kiri L.(California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA, United States);
Sosnowski, Scott(Case Western Reserve Univ.);
Lane, Terran(New Mexico Univ.)
Abstract: Traditionally, nodes in a sensor network simply collect data and then pass it on to a centralized node that archives, distributes, and possibly analyzes the data. However, analysis at the individual nodes could enable faster detection of anomalies or other interesting events as well as faster responses, such as sending out alerts or increasing the data collection rate. There is an additional opportunity for increased performance if learners at individual nodes can communicate with their neighbors. In previous work, methods were developed by which classification algorithms deployed at sensor nodes can communicate information about event labels to each other, building on prior work with co-training, self-training, and active learning. The idea of collaborative learning was extended to function for clustering algorithms as well, similar to ideas from penta-training and consensus clustering. However, collaboration between these learner types had not been explored. A new protocol was developed by which classifiers and clusterers can share key information about their observations and conclusions as they learn. This is an active collaboration in which learners of either type can query their neighbors for information that they then use to re-train or re-learn the concept they are studying. The protocol also supports broadcasts from the classifiers and clusterers to the rest of the network to announce new discoveries. Classifiers observe an event and assign it a label (type). Clusterers instead group observations into clusters without assigning them a label, and they collaborate in terms of pairwise constraints between two events [same-cluster (mustlink) or different-cluster (cannot-link)]. Fundamentally, these two learner types speak different languages. To bridge this gap, the new communication protocol provides four types of exchanges: hybrid queries for information, hybrid "broadcasts" of learned information, each specified for classifiers-to-clusterers, and clusterers-to-classifiers. The new capability has the potential to greatly expand the in situ analysis abilities of sensor networks. Classifiers seeking to categorize incoming data into different types of events can operate in tandem with clusterers that are sensitive to the occurrence of new kinds of events not known to the classifiers. In contrast to current approaches that treat these operations as independent components, a hybrid collaborative learning system can enable them to learn from each other.
Publication Date: Jan 01, 2012
Document ID:
20120006585
(Acquired Apr 27, 2012)
Subject Category: CYBERNETICS, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND ROBOTICS
Report/Patent Number: NPO-47821
Document Type: NASA Tech Brief
Publication Information: NASA Tech Briefs, January 2012; 9; (SEE 20120006555)
Financial Sponsor: Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech.; Pasadena, CA, United States
Organization Source: California Inst. of Tech.; Pasadena, CA, United States
Description: 1p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright; Distribution as joint owner in the copyright
NASA Terms: ALGORITHMS; CLASSIFICATIONS; CLASSIFIERS; CLUSTER ANALYSIS; SENSORS; MACHINE LEARNING; PROTOCOL (COMPUTERS); COMMUNICATION NETWORKS; DISTRIBUTING; MULTISENSOR FUSION; ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE; INTEROPERABILITY
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