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An Assessment of Environmental Health Needs
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Author and Affiliation:
Macatangay, Ariel V.(NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States)
Abstract: Environmental health fundamentally addresses the physical, chemical, and biological risks external to the human body that can impact the health of a person by assessing and controlling these risks in order to generate and maintain a health-supportive environment. In manned spacecraft, environmental health risks are mitigated by a multi-disciplinary effort, employing several measures including active and passive controls, by establishing environmental standards (SMACs, SWEGs, microbial and acoustics limits), and through environmental monitoring. Human Health and Performance (HHP) scientists and Environmental Control and Life Support (ECLS) engineers consider environmental monitoring a vital component to an environmental health management strategy for maintaining a healthy crew and achieving mission success. ECLS engineers use environmental monitoring data to monitor and confirm the health of ECLS systems, whereas HHP scientists use the data to manage the health of the human system. Because risks can vary between missions and change over time, environmental monitoring is critical. Crew health risks associated with the environment were reviewed by agency experts with the goal of determining risk-based environmental monitoring needs for future NASA manned missions. Once determined, gaps in environmental health knowledge and technology, required to address those risks, were identified for various types of exploration missions. This agency-wide assessment of environmental health needs will help guide the activities/hardware development efforts to close those gaps and advance the knowledge required to meet NASA manned space exploration objectives. Details of the roadmap development and findings are presented in this paper.
Publication Date: Jan 01, 2013
Document ID:
20130013375
(Acquired May 09, 2013)
Subject Category: AEROSPACE MEDICINE
Report/Patent Number: JSC-CN-28691
Document Type: Conference Paper
Meeting Information: 43rd International Conference on Environmental Systems; 14-18 Jul. 2013; Vail, CO; United States
Meeting Sponsor: American Inst. of Aeronautics and Astronautics; Reston, VA, United States
Financial Sponsor: NASA Johnson Space Center; Houston, TX, United States
Organization Source: NASA Johnson Space Center; Houston, TX, United States
Description: 13p; In English; Original contains color illustrations
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: AEROSPACE MEDICINE; ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL; ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING; HEALTH; HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; HUMAN PERFORMANCE; LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS; MANNED SPACE FLIGHT; SPACE EXPLORATION; SPACECRAFT ENVIRONMENTS
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