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Suitport Feasibility - Human Pressurized Space Suit Donning Tests with the Marman Clamp and Pneumatic Flipper Suitport Concepts
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Author and Affiliation:
Boyle, Robert M.(NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States);
Rodriggs, Liana(NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States);
Allton, Charles(NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States);
Jennings, Mallory(NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States);
Aitchision, Lindsay(NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States)
Abstract: The suitport concept has been recently implemented as part of the small pressurized lunar rover (Currently the Space Exploration vehicle, or SEV) and the Multi-Mission Space Exploration Vehicle (MMSEV) concept demonstrator vehicle. Suitport replaces or augments the traditional airlock function of a spacecraft by providing a bulkhead opening, capture mechanism, and sealing system to allow ingress and egress of a space suit while the space suit remains outside of the pressurized volume of the spacecraft. This presents significant new opportunities to EVA exploration in both microgravity and surface environments. The suitport concept will enable three main improvements in EVA by providing reductions in: pre-EVA time from hours to less than thirty minutes; airlock consumables; contamination returned to the cabin with the EVA crewmember. Two second generation suitports were designed and tested. The previously reported second generation Marman Clamp suitport and a newer concept, the Pneumatic Flipper Suitport. These second generation suitports demonstrated human donning and doffing of the Z1 spacesuit with an 8.3 psi pressure differential across the spacesuit. Testing was performed using the JSC B32 Chamber B, a human rated vacuum chamber. The test included human rated suitports, the suitport compatible prototype suit, and chamber modifications. This test brought these three elements together in the first ever pressurized donning of a rear entry suit through a suitport. This paper presents the results of the testing, including unexpected difficulties with doffing, and engineering solutions implemented to ease the difficulties. A review of suitport functions, including a discussion of the need to doff a pressurized suit in earth gravity, is included. Recommendations for future design and testing are documented.
Publication Date: Jan 01, 2013
Document ID:
20130013652
(Acquired Jun 12, 2013)
Subject Category: MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT
Report/Patent Number: JSC-CN-28684
Document Type: Conference Paper
Meeting Information: 43rd International Conference on Environmental Systems; 14-18 Jul. 2013; Vail, CO; United States
Meeting Sponsor: American Inst. of Aeronautics and Astronautics; Reston, VA, United States
Financial Sponsor: NASA Johnson Space Center; Houston, TX, United States
Organization Source: NASA Johnson Space Center; Houston, TX, United States
Description: 30p; In English; Original contains color illustrations
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: SPACE SUITS; EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY; AIRLOCK MODULES; EGRESS; INGRESS (SPACECRAFT PASSAGEWAY); SEALING; VACUUM CHAMBERS; CLAMPS; BULKHEADS; PORTS (OPENINGS); HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; PROTOTYPES; SPACECREWS; PNEUMATICS; ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
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