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The Evaluation of a Test Device for Human Occupant Restraint (THOR) Under Vertical Loading Conditions: Part 1 - Experimental Setup and Results
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Author and Affiliation:
Littell, Justin D.(NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, United States);
Annett, Martin S.(NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, United States)
Abstract: A series of 16 vertical tests were conducted on a Test Device for Human Occupant Restraint (THOR) - NT 50th percentile Anthropomorphic Test Device (ATD) at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC). The purpose of the tests conducted at NASA LaRC was threefold. The first was to add vertical response data to the growing test database for THOR-NT development and validation. Second, the THOR-NT analytical computational models currently in development must be validated for the vertical loading environment. The computational models have been calibrated for frontal crash environments with concentration on accurately replicating head/neck, thoracic, and lower extremity responses. Finally, familiarity with the THOR ATD is necessary because NASA is interested in evaluating advanced ATDs for use in future flight and research projects. The THOR was subjected to vertical loading conditions ranging between 5 and 16 g in magnitude and 40 to 120 milliseconds (msec) in duration. It was also tested under conditions identical to previous tests conducted on the Hybrid II and III ATDs to allow comparisons to be made. Variations in the test setup were also introduced, such as the addition of a footrest in an attempt to offload some of the impact load into the legs. A full data set of the THOR-NT ATD will be presented and discussed. Results from the tests show that the THOR was largely insensitive to differences in the loading conditions, perhaps due in part to their small magnitudes. THOR responses, when compared to the Hybrid II and III in the lumbar region, demonstrated that the THOR more closely resembled the straight spine Hybrid setup. In the neck region, the THOR behaved more like the Hybrid III. However in both cases, the responses were not identical, indicating that the THOR would show differences in response than the Hybrid II and III ATDs when subjected to identical impact conditions. The addition of a footrest did not significantly affect the THOR response due to the nature of how the loading conditions were applied.
Publication Date: May 21, 2013
Document ID:
20130013861
(Acquired Jul 11, 2013)
Subject Category: AIR TRANSPORTATION AND SAFETY
Report/Patent Number: NF1676L-15393
Document Type: Conference Paper
Meeting Information: 69th Annual American Helicopter Society Forum and Technology Display; 21-23 May 2013; Phoenix,AZ; United States
Contract/Grant/Task Num: WBS 877868.02.07.07.05.02.01
Financial Sponsor: NASA Langley Research Center; Hampton, VA, United States
Organization Source: NASA Langley Research Center; Hampton, VA, United States
Description: 15p; In English; Original contains color and black and white illustrations
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright; Distribution as joint owner in the copyright
NASA Terms: CALIBRATING; CONSTRAINTS; CRASHES; EVALUATION; FLIGHT TESTS; HUMAN BODY; IMPACT LOADS; IN-FLIGHT MONITORING; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; RANGEFINDING
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