Record Details

Experimental Verification of Buffet Calculation Procedure Using Unsteady PSP
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Author and Affiliation:
Panda, Jayanta(NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA United States)
Abstract: Typically a limited number of dynamic pressure sensors are employed to determine the unsteady aerodynamic forces on large, slender aerospace structures. The estimated forces are known to be very sensitive to the number of the dynamic pressure sensors and the details of the integration scheme. This report describes a robust calculation procedure, based on frequency-specific correlation lengths, that is found to produce good estimation of fluctuating forces from a few dynamic pressure sensors. The validation test was conducted on a flat panel, placed on the floor of a wind tunnel, and was subjected to vortex shedding from a rectangular bluff-body. The panel was coated with fast response Pressure Sensitive Paint (PSP), which allowed time-resolved measurements of unsteady pressure fluctuations on a dense grid of spatial points. The first part of the report describes the detail procedure used to analyze the high-speed, PSP camera images. The procedure includes steps to reduce contamination by electronic shot noise, correction for spatial non-uniformities, and lamp brightness variation, and finally conversion of fluctuating light intensity to fluctuating pressure. The latter involved applying calibration constants from a few dynamic pressure sensors placed at selective points on the plate. Excellent comparison in the spectra, coherence and phase, calculated via PSP and dynamic pressure sensors validated the PSP processing steps. The second part of the report describes the buffet validation process, for which the first step was to use pressure histories from all PSP points to determine the "true" force fluctuations. In the next step only a selected number of pixels were chosen as "virtual sensors" and a correlation-length based buffet calculation procedure was applied to determine "modeled" force fluctuations. By progressively decreasing the number of virtual sensors it was observed that the present calculation procedure was able to make a close estimate of the "true" unsteady forces only from four sensors. It is believed that the present work provides the first validation of the buffet calculation procedure which has been used for the development of many space vehicles.
Publication Date: Feb 01, 2016
Document ID:
20160001748
(Acquired Feb 11, 2016)
Subject Category: AERODYNAMICS; SPACECRAFT DESIGN, TESTING AND PERFORMANCE
Report/Patent Number: NASA/TM-2016-219069, ARC-E-DAA-TN29342
Document Type: Technical Report
Financial Sponsor: NASA Ames Research Center; Moffett Field, CA United States
Organization Source: NASA Ames Research Center; Moffett Field, CA United States
Description: 23p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: BUFFETING; UNSTEADY AERODYNAMICS; PRESSURE SENSITIVE PAINTS; AERODYNAMIC FORCES; COMPUTATIONAL GRIDS; PRESSURE OSCILLATIONS; VORTEX SHEDDING; DYNAMIC PRESSURE; LUMINOUS INTENSITY; MEASURE AND INTEGRATION
Other Descriptors: MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGY; BUFFET
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