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Behavioral, Psychiatric, and Sociological Problems of Long-Duration Space MissionsIn an attempt to isolate behavioral, psychiatric, and sociological problems expected on long- duration space missions, a literature search was conducted at the NASA Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston, Texas. Primary sources include short - term space flights, submarine tours, Antarctic expeditions, isolation-chamber tests, space-flight simulators, and hypodynamia studies. Various stressors are discussed including weightlessness and low sensory input; circadian rhythms (including sleep); confinement, isolation, and monotony; and purely psychiatric and sociological considerations. Important aspects of crew selection are also mentioned. An attempt is made to discuss these factors with regard to a prototype mission to Mars. However, it is concluded that more experimentation under actual space conditions are necessary before such a mission should be attempted.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Johnson Space Center
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Nick A Kanas
(University of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, California, United States)
William E Fedderson
(Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas, United States)
Date Acquired
September 2, 2013
Publication Date
October 1, 1971
Subject Category
Report/Patent Number
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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