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Emissions of an AVCO Lycoming 0-320-DIAD air cooled light aircraft engine as a function of fuel-air ratio, timing, and air temperature and humidityA carbureted aircraft engine was operated over a range of test conditions to establish the exhaust levels over the EPA seven-mode emissions cycle. Baseline (full rich production limit) exhaust emissions at an induction air temperature of 59 F and near zero relative humidity were 90 percent of the EPA standard for HC, 35 percent for NOx, and 161 percent for CO. Changes in ignition timing around the standard 25 deg BTDC from 30 deg BTDC to 20 deg BTDC had little effect on the exhaust emissions. Retarding the timing to 15 deg BTDC increased both the HC and CO emissions and decreased NOx emissions. HC and CO emissions decreased as the carburetor was leaned out, while NOx emissions increased. The EPA emission standards were marginally achieved at two leanout conditions. Variations in the quantity of cooling air flow over the engine had no effect on exhaust emissions. Temperature-humidity effects at the higher values of air temperature and relative humidity tested indicated that the HC and CO emissions increased significantly, while the NOx emissions decreased.
Document ID
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Meng, P. R. (NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Skorobatckyi, M. (NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Cosgrove, D. V. (NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Kempke, E. E., Jr. (NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
September 3, 2013
Publication Date
August 1, 1976
Subject Category
Report/Patent Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

Available Downloads

NameType 19770003116.pdf STI