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Radiometer requirements for Earth-observation systems using large space antennasRequirements are defined for Earth observation microwave radiometry for the decade of the 1990's by using large space antenna (LSA) systems with apertures in the range from 50 to 200 m. General Earth observation needs, specific measurement requirements, orbit mission guidelines and constraints, and general radiometer requirements are defined. General Earth observation needs are derived from NASA's basic space science program. Specific measurands include soil moisture, sea surface temperature, salinity, water roughness, ice boundaries, and water pollutants. Measurements are required with spatial resolution from 10 to 1 km and with temporal resolution from 3 days to 1 day. The primary orbit altitude and inclination ranges are 450 to 2200 km and 60 to 98 deg, respectively. Contiguous large scale coverage of several land and ocean areas over the globe dictates large (several hundred kilometers) swaths. Radiometer measurements are made in the bandwidth range from 1 to 37 GHz, preferably with dual polarization radiometers with a minimum of 90 percent beam efficiency. Reflector surface, root mean square deviation tolerances are in the wavelength range from 1/30 to 1/100.
Document ID
19830020139
Document Type
Other - NASA Reference Publication (RP)
Authors
Keafer, L. S., Jr.
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Harrington, R. F.
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Date Acquired
September 4, 2013
Publication Date
June 1, 1983
Subject Category
Instrumentation And Photography
Report/Patent Number
L-15429
NAS 1.61:1101
NASA-RP-1101
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RTOP 506-62-23-01
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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