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Preliminary design of two Space Shuttle fluid physics experimentsThe mid-deck lockers of the STS and the requirements for operating an experiment in this region are described. The design of the surface tension induced convection and the free surface phenomenon experiments use a two locker volume with an experiment unique structure as a housing. A manual mode is developed for the Surface Tension Induced Convection experiment. The fluid is maintained in an accumulator pre-flight. To begin the experiment, a pressurized gas drives the fluid into the experiment container. The fluid is an inert silicone oil and the container material is selected to be comparable. A wound wire heater, located axisymmetrically above the fluid can deliver three wattages to a spot on the fluid surface. These wattages vary from 1-15 watts. Fluid flow is observed through the motion of particles in the fluid. A 5 mw He/Ne laser illuminates the container. Scattered light is recorded by a 35mm camera. The free surface phenomena experiment consists of a trapezoidal cell which is filled from the bottom. The fluid is photographed at high speed using a 35mm camera which incorporated the entire cell length in the field of view. The assembly can incorporate four cells in one flight. For each experiment, an electronics block diagram is provided. A control panel concept is given for the surface induced convection. Both experiments are within the mid-deck locker weight and c-g limits.
Document ID
Document Type
Contractor Report (CR)
Gat, N.
(TRW Space Technology Labs. Redondo Beach, CA, United States)
Kropp, J. L.
(TRW Space Technology Labs. Redondo Beach, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
September 4, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 1984
Subject Category
Space Transportation
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.26:174649
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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