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Space Shuttle Environmental Effects: The First 5 FlightsEnvironmental effects associated with the first five Space Shuttle flights were monitored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the U.S. Air Force (USAF). Results and interpretations from this effort were reported at the December 1982 joint NASA-USAF conference. The conference proceedings are presented in this document. Most of the monitoring activity was focused on the launch cloud, emphasizing surface effects on the biota and air quality, model prediction of surface concentrations of HCl gas and Al2O3 dust, and airborne measurements of cloud composition. In general, assessments and predictions made in the April 1978 Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Space Shuttle Program were verified. Fallout of acidic mist and dust within 3 mi to 5 mi of the launch pad was the only unexpected effect of the launch. Atomization of deluge water in the Shuttle exhaust is considered to be the most probable cause of this effect. Sonic booms were monitored for several landings at Edwards Air Force Base, California; results agreed well with model predictions.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Potter, A.
(Lockheed Engineering and Management Services Co., Inc. Houston, TX, United States)
Date Acquired
September 5, 2013
Publication Date
July 1, 1983
Subject Category
Environment Pollution
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.26:171812
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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