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The human factors of color in environmental design: A critical reviewThe literature on environmental color to enhance habitability in the design of Space Station interiors is reviewed. Some 200 studies were examined to determine the relative contributions of the three dimensions of color (hue, saturation, and brightness or lightness) to responses to environmental colorations. Implications of the study for color usage in novel settings and locales include: (1) There are no hard-wired linkages between environmental colors and particular judgmental or emotional states; (2) Perceptual impressions of color applications can, however, affect experiences and performances in settings; (3) Color behavior studies cannot yet specify an optimal color scheme, but instead must consider differing objectives, the relative importance of each, and design features such as the coordination of geometry, color, texture, etc.; (4) Some color-behavior effects are governed by low-level retinal and limbal mechanisms as well as by cognitive processes; and (5) Colors should first be specified in terms of what they are to do instead of what they are. Some exercise of choice is therefore needed to establish a sense of personal competence in the setting, since color must be ultimately be accepted by the people who are to live with it.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Contractor Report (CR)
Wise, Barbara K.
(Washington Univ. Seattle, WA, United States)
Wise, James A.
(Washington Univ. Seattle, WA, United States)
Date Acquired
September 5, 2013
Publication Date
August 1, 1988
Subject Category
Behavioral Sciences
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.26:177498
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RTOP 482-52-21-01
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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