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Icing effects on aircraft stability and control determined from flight data: Preliminary resultsThe effects of airframe icing on the stability and control characteristics of the NASA DH-6 Twin Otter icing research aircraft were investigated by flight test. The flight program was developed to obtain the stability and control parameters of the DH-6 in a baseline ('uniced') configuration and an 'artificially iced' configuration for specified thrust conditions. Stability and control parameter identification maneuvers were performed over a wide range of angles of attack for wing flaps retracted (0 deg) and wing flaps partially deflected (10 deg). Engine power was adjusted to hold thrust constant at one of three thrust coefficients (C(sub T) = 0.14, C(sub T) = 0.07, C(subT) = 0.00). This paper presents only the pitching- and yawing-moment results from the flight test program. Stability and control parameters were estimated for the uniced and artificially iced configurations using a modified stepwise regression algorithm. Comparisons of the uniced and iced stability and control parameters are presented for the majority of the flight envelope. The artificial ice reduced the elevator and rudder control effectiveness by 12 percent and 8 percent respectively for the 0 deg flap setting. The longitudinal static stability was also decreased substantially (approximately 10 percent) because of the tail ice. Further discussion is provided to explain some of the effects of ice on the stability and control parameters.
Document ID
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Ratvasky, T. P.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Ranaudo, R. J.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Subject Category
Aircraft Stability And Control
Report/Patent Number
AIAA PAPER 93-0398
NAS 1.15:105977
Meeting Information
Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit(Reno, NV)
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RTOP 505-68-10
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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