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Handbook for handling and storage of nickel-cadmium batteries: Lessons learnedThe handbook provides guidelines for the handling and storage of conventional NiCd flight batteries. The guidelines are based on many years of experience with ground and in-flight handling of batteries. The overall goal is to minimize the deterioration and irreversible effects of improper handling of NiCd flight batteries on flight performance. A secondary goal is to provide the reader with an understanding, in nonanalytical terms, of the degradation mechanisms of NiCd cells and how these mechanisms are affected by improper ground handling of flight hardware. Section 2 provides the reader with a brief introduction to NiCd cells. The effects of the environment on NiCd batteries are discussed in Section 3, and Section 4 contains 12 guidelines for battery handling and storage with supporting rationale for each guideline. The appendix provides a synopsis of NiCd cell design and evolution over 30 years of space flight on Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) satellites, along with a chronological review of key events that influenced the design of NiCd cells being flown today.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Other - NASA Reference Publication (RP)
Ford, Floyd E.
(Swales and Associates Beltsville, MD., United States)
Rao, Gopalakrishna M.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Yi, Thomas Y.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
February 1, 1994
Subject Category
Spacecraft Propulsion And Power
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.61:1326
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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