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Grounding explanations in evolving, diagnostic situationsCertain fields of practice involve the management and control of complex dynamic systems. These include flight deck operations in commercial aviation, control of space systems, anesthetic management during surgery or chemical or nuclear process control. Fault diagnosis of these dynamic systems generally must occur with the monitored process on-line and in conjunction with maintaining system integrity.This research seeks to understand in more detail what it means for an intelligent system to function cooperatively, or as a 'team player' in complex, dynamic environments. The approach taken was to study human practitioners engaged in the management of a complex, dynamic process: anesthesiologists during neurosurgical operations. The investigation focused on understanding how team members cooperate in management and fault diagnosis and comparing this interaction to the situation with an Artificial Intelligence(AI) system that provides diagnoses and explanations. Of particular concern was to study the ways in which practitioners support one another in keeping aware of relevant information concerning the state of the monitored process and of the problem solving process.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Contractor Report (CR)
Johannesen, Leila J.
(Ohio State Univ. Columbus, OH, United States)
Cook, Richard I.
(Ohio State Univ. Columbus, OH, United States)
Woods, David D.
(Ohio State Univ. Columbus, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
December 1, 1994
Subject Category
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.26:198027
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RF PROJ. 760678/727376
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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