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Spacecraft System Failures and Anomalies Attributed to the Natural Space EnvironmentThe natural space environment is characterized by many complex and subtle phenomena hostile to spacecraft. The effects of these phenomena impact spacecraft design, development, and operations. Space systems become increasingly susceptible to the space environment as use of composite materials and smaller, faster electronics increases. This trend makes an understanding of the natural space environment essential to accomplish overall mission objectives, especially in the current climate of better/cheaper/faster. This primer provides a brief overview of the natural space environment - definition, related programmatic issues, and effects on various spacecraft subsystems. The primary focus, however, is to catalog, through representative case histories, spacecraft failures and anomalies attributed to the natural space environment. This primer is one in a series of NASA Reference Publications currently being developed by the Electromagnetics and Aerospace Environments Branch, Systems Analysis and Integration Laboratory, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Marshall Space Flight Center
Document Type
Other - NASA Reference Publication (RP)
Bedingfield, Keith, L.
(Universities Space Research Association Huntsville, AL United States)
Leach, Richard D.
(Computer Sciences Corp. Huntsville, AL United States)
Alexander, Margaret B.
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
August 1, 1996
Subject Category
Spacecraft Design, Testing And Performance
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.61:1390
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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