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Existing and Required Modeling Capabilities for Evaluating ATM Systems and ConceptsATM systems throughout the world are entering a period of major transition and change. The combination of important technological developments and of the globalization of the air transportation industry has necessitated a reexamination of some of the fundamental premises of existing Air Traffic Management (ATM) concepts. New ATM concepts have to be examined, concepts that may place more emphasis on: strategic traffic management; planning and control; partial decentralization of decision-making; and added reliance on the aircraft to carry out strategic ATM plans, with ground controllers confined primarily to a monitoring and supervisory role. 'Free Flight' is a case in point. In order to study, evaluate and validate such new concepts, the ATM community will have to rely heavily on models and computer-based tools/utilities, covering a wide range of issues and metrics related to safety, capacity and efficiency. The state of the art in such modeling support is adequate in some respects, but clearly deficient in others. It is the objective of this study to assist in: (1) assessing the strengths and weaknesses of existing fast-time models and tools for the study of ATM systems and concepts and (2) identifying and prioritizing the requirements for the development of additional modeling capabilities in the near future. A three-stage process has been followed to this purpose: 1. Through the analysis of two case studies involving future ATM system scenarios, as well as through expert assessment, modeling capabilities and supporting tools needed for testing and validating future ATM systems and concepts were identified and described. 2. Existing fast-time ATM models and support tools were reviewed and assessed with regard to the degree to which they offer the capabilities identified under Step 1. 3 . The findings of 1 and 2 were combined to draw conclusions about (1) the best capabilities currently existing, (2) the types of concept testing and validation that can be carried out reliably with such existing capabilities and (3) the currently unavailable modeling capabilities that should receive high priority for near-term research and development. It should be emphasized that the study is concerned only with the class of 'fast time' analytical and simulation models. 'Real time' models, that typically involve humans-in-the-loop, comprise another extensive class which is not addressed in this report. However, the relationship between some of the fast-time models reviewed and a few well-known real-time models is identified in several parts of this report and the potential benefits from the combined use of these two classes of models-a very important subject-are discussed in chapters 4 and 7.
Document ID
19970023711
Document Type
Contractor Report (CR)
Authors
Odoni, Amedeo R. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA United States)
Bowman, Jeremy (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA United States)
Delahaye, Daniel (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA United States)
Deyst, John J. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA United States)
Feron, Eric (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA United States)
Hansman, R. John (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA United States)
Khan, Kashif (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA United States)
Kuchar, James K. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA United States)
Pujet, Nicolas (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA United States)
Simpson, Robert W. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
March 1, 1997
Subject Category
Systems Analysis
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.26:204978
NASA-CR-204978
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAG2-997
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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