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Thermal Emission Spectrometer Results: Mars Atmospheric Thermal Structure and Aerosol DistributionInfrared spectra returned by the Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES) are well suited for retrieval of the thermal structure and the distribution of aerosols in the Martian atmosphere. Combined nadir- and limb-viewing spectra allow global monitoring of the atmosphere up to 0.01 mbar (65 km). We report here on the atmospheric thermal structure and the distribution of aerosols as observed thus far during the mapping phase of the Mars Global Surveyor mission. Zonal and temporal mean cross sections are used to examine the seasonal evolution of atmospheric temperatures and zonal winds during a period extending from northern hemisphere mid-summer through vernal equinox (L(sub s) = 104-360 deg). Temperature maps at selected pressure levels provide a characterization of planetary-scale waves. Retrieved atmospheric infrared dust opacity maps show the formation and evolution of regional dust storms during southern hemisphere summer. Response of the atmospheric thermal structure to the changing dust loading is observed. Maps of water-ice clouds as viewed in the thermal infrared are presented along with seasonal trends of infrared water-ice opacity. Uses of these observations for diagnostic studies of the dynamics of the atmosphere are discussed.
Document ID
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Smith, Michael D. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Pearl, John C. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Conrath, Barney J. (Cornell Univ. Ithaca, NY United States)
Christensen, Philip R. (Arizona State Univ. Tempe, AZ United States)
Vondrak, Richard R.
Date Acquired
September 7, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2001
Subject Category
Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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