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In Situ Resource-Based Lunar and Martian Habitat Structures Development at NASA/MSFCAs the nation prepares to return to the Moon and subsequently to Mars, it is apparent that the viability of long duration visits with appropriate radiation shielding/crew protection, hinges on the development of habitat structures, preferably in advance of a manned landing, and preferably utilizing in-situ resources. A relatively large number of habitat structure configurations can be developed from a relatively small set of in-situ resource-based construction products, including, blocks, raw regolith, reinforced concrete, and glass products. A much larger group of habitat designs can be developed when "imported" material are brought from Earth, including thin films and liners, and foldable, or expandable metal structures. These, and other technologies have been identified, and subjected to a rigorous trade study evaluation with respect to exploration and other performance criteria. In this paper, results of this trade study will be presented, as well as various habitat structure design concepts and concepts for construction automation. Results of initial tests aimed at concrete, block and glass production using Lunar regolith simulants will also be presented. Key issues and concerns will be discussed, as well as design concepts for a Lunar environment testbed to be developed at MSFC's Microgravity Development Laboratory. (MDL).
Document ID
20050111573
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Authors
Bodiford, Melanie P. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Fiske, Michael R. (Morgan Research Corp. Huntsville, AL, United States)
McGregory, Walter (Morgan Research Corp. Huntsville, AL, United States)
Pope, Regina D. (Qualis Corp. Huntsville, AL, United States)
Date Acquired
September 7, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2005
Subject Category
Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
Report/Patent Number
AIAA Paper 2005-2704
Meeting Information
AIAA 1st Exploration Conference(Orlando, FL)
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAS8-00187
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Public Use Permitted.

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