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Realizing "2001: A Space Odyssey": Piloted Spherical Torus Nuclear Fusion PropulsionA conceptual vehicle design enabling fast, piloted outer solar system travel was created predicated on a small aspect ratio spherical torus nuclear fusion reactor. The initial requirements were satisfied by the vehicle concept, which could deliver a 172 mt crew payload from Earth to Jupiter rendezvous in 118 days, with an initial mass in low Earth orbit of 1,690 mt. Engineering conceptual design, analysis, and assessment was performed on all major systems including artificial gravity payload, central truss, nuclear fusion reactor, power conversion, magnetic nozzle, fast wave plasma heating, tankage, fuel pellet injector, startup/re-start fission reactor and battery bank, refrigeration, reaction control, communications, mission design, and space operations. Detailed fusion reactor design included analysis of plasma characteristics, power balance/utilization, first wall, toroidal field coils, heat transfer, and neutron/x-ray radiation. Technical comparisons are made between the vehicle concept and the interplanetary spacecraft depicted in the motion picture 2001: A Space Odyssey.
Document ID
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Williams, Craig H. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Dudzinski, Leonard A. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Borowski, Stanley K. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Juhasz, Albert J. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
September 7, 2013
Publication Date
March 1, 2005
Subject Category
Spacecraft Propulsion and Power
Report/Patent Number
AIAA Paper 2001-3805
Meeting Information
37th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit(Salt Lake City, UT)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 22-973-90-01
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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NameType 20050160960.pdf STI