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mechanical properties of t650-35/afr-pe-4 at elevated temperatures for lightweight aeroshell designsConsiderable efforts have been underway to develop multidisciplinary technologies for aeroshell structures that will significantly increase the allowable working temperature for the aeroshell components, and enable the system to operate at higher temperatures while sustaining performance and durability. As part of these efforts, high temperature polymer matrix composites and fabrication technologies are being developed for the primary load bearing structure (heat shield) of the spacecraft. New high-temperature resins and composite material manufacturing techniques are available that have the potential to significantly improve current aeroshell design. In order to qualify a polymer matrix composite (PMC) material as a candidate aeroshell structural material, its performance must be evaluated under realistic environments. Thus, verification testing of lightweight PMC's at aeroshell entry temperatures is needed to ensure that they will perform successfully in high-temperature environments. Towards this end, a test program was developed to characterize the mechanical properties of two candidate material systems, T650-35/AFR-PE-4 and T650-35/RP46. The two candidate high-temperature polyimide resins, AFR-PE-4 and RP46, were developed at the Air Force Research Laboratory and NASA Langley Research Center, respectively. This paper presents experimental methods, strength, and stiffness data of the T650-35/AFR-PE-4 material as a function of elevated temperatures. The properties determined during the research test program herein, included tensile strength, tensile stiffness, Poisson s ratio, compressive strength, compressive stiffness, shear modulus, and shear strength. Unidirectional laminates, a cross-ply laminate and two eight-harness satin (8HS)-weave laminates (4-ply and 10-ply) were tested according to ASTM standard methods at room and elevated temperatures (23, 316, and 343 C). All of the relevant test methods and data reduction schemes are outlined along with mechanical data. These data contribute to a database of material properties for high-temperature polyimide composites that will be used to identify the material characteristics of potential candidate materials for aeroshell structure applications.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Whitley, Karen S.
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Collins, TImothy J.
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Date Acquired
September 7, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2006
Subject Category
Composite Materials
Report/Patent Number
AIAA Paper 2006-2202
Meeting Information
47th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference(Newport, RI)
Funding Number(s)
OTHER: 759-07-11
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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