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Development of a HTSMA-Actuated Surge Control Rod for High-Temperature Turbomachinery ApplicationsIn recent years, a demand for compact, lightweight, solid-state actuation systems has emerged, driven in part by the needs of the aeronautics industry. However, most actuation systems used in turbomachinery require not only elevated temperature but high-force capability. As a result, shape memory alloy (SMA) based systems have worked their way to the forefront of a short list of viable options to meet such a technological challenge. Most of the effort centered on shape memory systems to date has involved binary NiTi alloys but the working temperatures required in many aeronautics applications dictate significantly higher transformation temperatures than the binary systems can provide. Hence, a high temperature shape memory alloy (HTSMA) based on NiTiPdPt, having a transformation temperature near 300 C, was developed. Various thermo-mechanical processing schemes were utilized to further improve the dimensional stability of the alloy and it was later extruded/drawn into wire form to be more compatible with envisioned applications. Mechanical testing on the finished wire form showed reasonable work output capability with excellent dimensional stability. Subsequently, the wire form of the alloy was incorporated into a benchtop system, which was shown to provide the necessary stroke requirements of approx.0.125 inches for the targeted surge-control application. Cycle times for the actuator were limited to ~4 seconds due to control and cooling constraints but this cycle time was determined to be adequate for the surge control application targeted as the primary requirement was initial actuation of a surge control rod, which could be completed in approximately one second.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Padula, Santo, II (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Noebe, Ronald (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Bigelow, Glen (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Culley, Dennis (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Stevens, Mark (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Penney, Nicholas (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Gaydosh, Darrell (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Quackenbush, Todd (Continuum Dynamics, Inc. Ewing, NJ, United States)
Carpenter, Bernie (B and B Consulting Littleton, CO, United States)
Date Acquired
August 23, 2013
Publication Date
April 23, 2007
Subject Category
Lasers and Masers
Meeting Information
15th AIAA/ASME/AHS Adaptive Structures Conference(Waikiki, HI)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 984754.
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.

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