NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
A Rapid Survey of the Compatibility of Selected Seal Materials with Conventional and Semi-Synthetic JP-8Since the synthesis of a liquid hydrocarbon fuel from coal by Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch in 1923, there has been cyclic interest in developing this fuel for military and commercial applications. In recent years the U.S. Department of Defense has taken interest in producing a unified battlespace fuel using the Fischer Tropsch (FT) process for a variety of reasons including cost, quality, and logistics. In the past year there has been a particular emphasis on moving quickly to demonstrate that an FT fuel can be used in the form of a blend with conventional petroleum-derived jet fuel. The initial objective is to employ this semi-synthetic fuel with blend ratios as high as 50 percent FT with longer range goals to use even high blend ratios and ultimately a fully synthetic jet fuel. A significant concern associated with the use of a semi-synthetic jet fuel with high FT blend ratios is the effect these low aromatic fuels will have on fuel-wetted polymeric materials, most notably seals and sealants. These materials typically swell and soften to some degree when exposed to jet fuel and the aromatic content of these fuels contribute to this effect. Semi-synthetic jet fuels with very low aromatic contents may cause seals and sealants to shrink and harden leading to acute or chronic failure. Unfortunately, most of the material qualification tests are more concerned with excessive swelling than shrinkage and there is little guidance offered as to an acceptable level of shrinkage or other changes in physical properties related to low aromatic content. Given the pressing need for guidance data, a program was developed to rapidly survey the volume swell of selected fuel-wetted materials in a range of conventional and semi-synthetic jet fuels and through a statistical analysis to make a determination as to whether there was a basis to be concerned about using fuels with FT blend ratios as high as 50 percent. Concurrent with this analysis data was obtained as to the composition of the fuel absorbed in fuel-wetted materials through the use of GC-MS analysis of swollen samples as well as other supporting data. In this presentation the authors will present a summary of the results of the volume swell and fuel absorbed by selected O-rings and sealants as well as a description of the measurement protocols developed for this program.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Glenn Research Center
Document Type
Conference Paper
Graham, John L.
(Dayton Univ. Research Inst. OH, United States)
Striebich, Richard C.
(Dayton Univ. Research Inst. OH, United States)
Minus, Donald K.
(Air Force Research Lab. Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, United States)
Harrison, William E., III
(Air Force Research Lab. Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
October 1, 2007
Publication Information
Publication: 2006 NASA Seal/Secondary Air System Workshop; Volume 1
Subject Category
Mechanical Engineering
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
No Preview Available