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Model Calibration in Watershed HydrologyHydrologic models use relatively simple mathematical equations to conceptualize and aggregate the complex, spatially distributed, and highly interrelated water, energy, and vegetation processes in a watershed. A consequence of process aggregation is that the model parameters often do not represent directly measurable entities and must, therefore, be estimated using measurements of the system inputs and outputs. During this process, known as model calibration, the parameters are adjusted so that the behavior of the model approximates, as closely and consistently as possible, the observed response of the hydrologic system over some historical period of time. This Chapter reviews the current state-of-the-art of model calibration in watershed hydrology with special emphasis on our own contributions in the last few decades. We discuss the historical background that has led to current perspectives, and review different approaches for manual and automatic single- and multi-objective parameter estimation. In particular, we highlight the recent developments in the calibration of distributed hydrologic models using parameter dimensionality reduction sampling, parameter regularization and parallel computing.
Document ID
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Yilmaz, Koray K. (Maryland Univ. College Park, MD, United States)
Vrugt, Jasper A. (Los Alamos National Lab. NM, United States)
Gupta, Hoshin V. (Arizona Univ. Tucson, AZ, United States)
Sorooshian, Soroosh (California Univ. Irvine, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2009
Publication Information
Publication: Advances in Data-based Approaches for Hydrologic Modeling and Forecasting
Subject Category
Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.

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