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Northrop Grumman TR202 LOX/LH2 Deep Throttling Engine Technology Project StatusNASA's Propulsion and Cryogenic Advanced Development (PCAD) project is currently developing enabling propulsion technologies in support of future lander missions. To meet lander requirements, several technical challenges need to be overcome, one of which is the ability for the descent engine(s) to operate over a deep throttle range with cryogenic propellants. To address this need, PCAD has enlisted Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (NGAS) in a technology development effort associated with the TR202 engine. The TR202 is a LOX/LH2 expander cycle engine driven by independent turbopump assemblies and featuring a variable area pintle injector similar to the injector used on the TR200 Apollo Lunar Module Descent Engine (LMDE). Since the Apollo missions, NGAS has continued to mature deep throttling pintle injector technology. The TR202 program has completed two series of pintle injector testing. The first series of testing used ablative thrust chambers and demonstrated igniter operation as well as stable performance at discrete points throughout the designed 10:1 throttle range. The second series was conducted with calorimeter chambers and demonstrated injector performance at discrete points throughout the throttle range as well as chamber heat flow adequate to power an expander cycle design across the throttle range. This paper provides an overview of the TR202 program, describing the different phases and key milestones. It describes how test data was correlated to the engine conceptual design. The test data obtained has created a valuable database for deep throttling cryogenic pintle technology, a technology that is readily scalable in thrust level.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Gromski, Jason (Northrop Grumman Corp. United States)
Majamaki, Annik (Northrop Grumman Corp. United States)
Chianese, Silvio (Northrop Grumman Corp. United States)
Weinstock, Vladimir (Northrop Grumman Corp. United States)
Kim, Tony S. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Date Acquired
August 25, 2013
Publication Date
July 26, 2010
Subject Category
Spacecraft Propulsion and Power
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
46th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference(Huntsville, AL)
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.

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