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Analysis of Control Strategies for Aircraft Flight Upset RecoveryThis paper proposes a framework for studying the ability of a control strategy, consisting of a control law and a command law, to recover an aircraft from ight conditions that may extend beyond the normal ight envelope. This study was carried out (i) by evaluating time responses of particular ight upsets, (ii) by evaluating local stability over an equilibrium manifold that included stall, and (iii) by bounding the set in the state space from where the vehicle can be safely own to wings-level ight. These states comprise what will be called the safely recoverable ight envelope (SRFE), which is a set containing the aircraft states from where a control strategy can safely stabilize the aircraft. By safe recovery it is implied that the tran- sient response stays between prescribed limits before converging to a steady horizontal ight. The calculation of the SRFE bounds yields the worst-case initial state corresponding to each control strategy. This information is used to compare alternative recovery strategies, determine their strengths and limitations, and identify the most e ective strategy. In regard to the control law, the authors developed feedback feedforward laws based on the gain scheduling of multivariable controllers. In regard to the command law, which is the mechanism governing the exogenous signals driving the feed- forward component of the controller, we developed laws with a feedback structure that combines local stability and transient response considera- tions. The upset recovery of the Generic Transport Model, a sub-scale twin-engine jet vehicle developed by NASA Langley Research Center, is used as a case study.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Crespo, Luis G. (National Inst. of Aerospace Associates Hampton, VA, United States)
Kenny, Sean P. (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Cox, David E. (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Muri, Daniel G. (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 26, 2013
Publication Date
August 13, 2012
Subject Category
Aircraft Stability and Control
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
2012 AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference(Minneapolis, MN)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 284848.
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.

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