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Evaluation of Bosch-Based Systems Using Non-Traditional Catalysts at Reduced TemperaturesOxygen and water resupply make open loop atmosphere revitalization (AR) systems unfavorable for long-term missions beyond low Earth orbit. Crucial to closing the AR loop are carbon dioxide reduction systems with low mass and volume, minimal power requirements, and minimal consumables. For this purpose, NASA is exploring using Bosch-based systems. The Bosch process is favorable over state-of-the-art Sabatier-based processes due to complete loop closure. However, traditional operation of the Bosch required high reaction temperatures, high recycle rates, and significant consumables in the form of catalyst resupply due to carbon fouling. A number of configurations have been proposed for next-generation Bosch systems. First, alternative catalysts (catalysts other than steel wool) can be used in a traditional single-stage Bosch reactor to improve reaction kinetics and increase carbon packing density. Second, the Bosch reactor may be split into separate stages wherein the first reactor stage is dedicated to carbon monoxide and water formation via the reverse water-gas shift reaction and the second reactor stage is dedicated to carbon formation. A series system will enable maximum efficiency of both steps of the Bosch reaction, resulting in optimized operation and maximum carbon formation rate. This paper details the results of testing of both single-stage and two-stage Bosch systems with alternative catalysts at reduced temperatures. These results are compared to a traditional Bosch system operated with a steel wool catalyst.
Document ID
20120016369
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Abney, Morgan B. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Mansell, J. Matthew (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Date Acquired
August 26, 2013
Publication Date
July 17, 2011
Subject Category
Mechanical Engineering
Report/Patent Number
M11-0439
M11-0697
M11-0067
Meeting Information
41st International Conference on Environmental Systems(Portland, OR)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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