NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
HERRO Mission to Mars Using Telerobotic Surface Exploration from OrbitThis paper presents a concept for a human mission to Mars orbit that features direct robotic exploration of the planet s surface via teleoperation from orbit. This mission is a good example of Human Exploration using Real-time Robotic Operations (HERRO), an exploration strategy that refrains from sending humans to the surfaces of planets with large gravity wells. HERRO avoids the need for complex and expensive man-rated lander/ascent vehicles and surface systems. Additionally, the humans are close enough to the surface to effectively eliminate the two-way communication latency that constrains typical robotic space missions, thus allowing real-time command and control of surface operations and experiments by the crew. Through use of state-of-the-art telecommunications and robotics, HERRO provides the cognitive and decision-making advantages of having humans at the site of study for only a fraction of the cost of conventional human surface missions. It is very similar to how oceanographers and oil companies use telerobotic submersibles to work in inaccessible areas of the ocean, and represents a more expedient, near-term step prior to landing humans on Mars and other large planetary bodies. Results suggest that a single HERRO mission with six crew members could achieve the same exploratory and scientific return as three conventional crewed missions to the Mars surface.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Glenn Research Center
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Oleson, Steven R.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Landis, Geoffrey A.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
McGuire, Melissa L.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Schmidt, George R.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
August 27, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2013
Subject Category
Astronautics (General)
Report/Patent Number
AIAA Paper 2011-0334
Meeting Information
Meeting: 62nd International Astronautical Congress
Location: Cape Town
Country: South Africa
Start Date: October 3, 2011
End Date: October 7, 2011
Sponsors: International Astronautical Federation
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 432938.
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
No Preview Available