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Development of an Indexing Media Filtration System for Long Duration Space MissionsThe effective maintenance of air quality aboard spacecraft cabins will be vital to future human exploration missions. A key component will be the air cleaning filtration system which will need to remove a broad size range of particles derived from multiple biological and material sources. In addition, during surface missions any extraterrestrial planetary dust, including dust generated by near-by ISRU equipment, which is tracked into the habitat will also need to be managed by the filtration system inside the pressurized habitat compartments. An indexing media filter system is being developed to meet the demand for long-duration missions that will result in dramatic increases in filter service life and loading capacity, and will require minimal crew involvement. The filtration system consists of three stages: an inertial impactor stage, an indexing media stage, and a high-efficiency filter stage, packaged in a stacked modular cartridge configuration. Each stage will target a specific range of particle sizes that optimize the filtration and regeneration performance of the system. An 1/8th scale and full-scale prototype of the filter system have been fabricated and have been tested in the laboratory and reduced gravity environments that simulate conditions on spacecrafts, landers and habitats. Results from recent laboratory and reduce-gravity flight tests data will be presented. The features of the new filter system may also benefit other closed systems, such as submarines, and remote location terrestrial installations where servicing and replacement of filter units is not practical.
Document ID
20140004921
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Agui, Juan H. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH United States)
Vijayakumar, R. (Aerfil Liverpool, NY, United States)
Date Acquired
May 6, 2014
Publication Date
July 14, 2013
Subject Category
Man/System Technology and Life Support
Report/Patent Number
GRC-E-DAA-TN8195
Meeting Information
International Conference on Environmental Systems (ICES)(Vail, CO)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS- 87873.04.01.05.03
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Public Use Permitted.
Keywords
Filtration
air quality
dust

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