NASA Logo

NTRS

NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
Ecological Impacts of the Space Shuttle Program at John F. Kennedy Space Center, FloridaThe Space Shuttle Program was one of NASAs first major undertakings to fall under the environmental impact analysis and documentation requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). Space Shuttle Program activities at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and the associated Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge (MINWR) contributed directly and indirectly to both negative and positive ecological trends in the region through the long-term, stable expenditure of resources over the 40 year program life cycle. These expenditures provided support to regional growth and development in conjunction with other sources that altered land use patterns, eliminated and modified habitats, and contributed to cultural eutrophication of the Indian River Lagoon. At KSC, most Space Shuttle Program related actions were conducted in previously developed facilities and industrial areas with the exception of the construction of the shuttle landing facility (SLF) and the space station processing facility (SSPF). Launch and operations impacts were minimal as a result of the low annual launch rate. The majority of concerns identified during the NEPA process such as potential weather modification, acid rain off site, and local climate change did not occur. Launch impacts from deposition of HCl and particulates were assimilated as a result of the high buffering capacity of the system and low launch and loading rates. Metals deposition from exhaust deposition did not display acute impacts. Sub-lethal effects are being investigated as part of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulatory process. Major positive Space Shuttle Program effects were derived from the adequate resources available at the Center to implement the numerous environmental laws and regulations designed to enhance the quality of the environment and minimize impacts from human activities. This included reduced discharges of domestic and industrial wastewater, creation of stormwater management systems, remediation of past contamination sites, implementation of hazardous waste management systems, and creation of a culture of sustainability. Working with partners such as the USFWS and the St Johns River Water Management District (SJRWMD), wetlands and scrub restoration and management initiatives were implemented to enhance fish and wildlife populations at the Center. KSC remains the single largest preserve on the east coast of Florida in part due to NASAs commitment to stewardship. Ongoing Ecological Program projects are directed at development of information and knowledge to address future KSC management questions including the transition to a joint government and commercial launch facility, enhanced habitat management requirements for wetlands and scrub, potential impacts of emerging contaminants, and adaptation to climate change including projected sea level rise over the next 50-75 years.
Document ID
20140012489
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Authors
Hall, Carlton R. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Schmalzer, Paul A. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Breininger, David R. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Duncan, Brean W. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Drese, John H. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Scheidt, Doug A. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Lowers, Russ H. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Reyier, Eric A. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Holloway-Adkins, Karen G. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Oddy, Donna M. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Cancro, Naresa R. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Provancha, Jane A. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Foster, Tammy E. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Stolen, Eric D. (InoMedic Health Applications, Inc. Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States)
Date Acquired
September 23, 2014
Publication Date
January 1, 2014
Subject Category
Earth Resources and Remote Sensing
Report/Patent Number
KSC-E-DAA-TN12459
NASA/TM-2014-216639
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAS10-11624
CONTRACT_GRANT: NNK08OQ01C
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAS10-10185
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAS10-02001
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAS10-12180
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Public Use Permitted.
Keywords
Space Shuttle Program
environmental impacts
launch effects
endangered species
cummulative effects
exhaust deposition
NEPA

Available Downloads

NameType 20140012489.pdf STI