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Climate Change Impacts on Rice Farming Systems in Northwestern Sri LankaSri Lanka has achieved tremendous progress since 1950 in crop production and food availability. Yields grew at an impressive rate until leveling off in the mid-eighties. Sri Lanka's population is anticipated to grow in the coming decades, creating an ever-greater demand for food security on the household, sub-district, regional, and national scales.The agricultural sector in Sri Lanka is vulnerable to climate shocks. An unusual succession of droughts and floods from 2008 to 2014 has led to both booms and busts in agricultural production, which were reflected in food prices. In both instances, the majority of farmers and consumers were adversely affected.At present the rice-farming systems are under stress due to inadequate returns for the farmers and difficulty in coping with shocks due to climate, pests, and diseases, and prices for produce. There are government price-support mechanisms, fertilizer-subsidy schemes, and crop insurance schemes, but the levels of the supports are modest and often do not effectively reach the farmers.
Document ID
20150010249
Document Type
Book Chapter
Authors
Zubair, Lareef (Foundation for Environment, Climate and Technology (FECT) Rajawella, Sri Lanka)
Nissanka, Sarath P. (Peradeniya Univ. Sri Lanka)
Weerakoon, W. M. W. (Department of Agriculture Peradeniya, Sri Lanka)
Herath, Dumindu I. (Foundation for Environment, Climate and Technology (FECT) Rajawella, Sri Lanka)
Karunaratne, Asha S (Sabaragamuwa Univ. of Sri Lanka Belihuloya, Sri Lanka)
Prabodha, A. S. M. (Foundation for Environment, Climate and Technology (FECT) Rajawella, Sri Lanka)
Agalawatte, M. B. (Foundation for Environment, Climate and Technology (FECT) Rajawella, Sri Lanka)
Herath, Rasnayaka (Department of Agriculture Peradeniya, Sri Lanka)
Yahiya, S. Zeenas (Foundation for Environment, Climate and Technology (FECT) Rajawella, Sri Lanka)
Punyawardhene, B. V. R. (Peradeniya Univ. Sri Lanka)
Vishwanathan, Janan (Foundation for Environment, Climate and Technology (FECT) Rajawella, Sri Lanka)
Delpitiya, Punya (Department of Agriculture Peradeniya, Sri Lanka)
Wijekoon, A. Erandika N. (Foundation for Environment, Climate and Technology (FECT) Rajawella, Sri Lanka)
Gunaratna, Janaka (Rajarata Univ. Mihintale, Sri Lanka)
Chandrasekara, Sewwandhi S. K. (Foundation for Environment, Climate and Technology (FECT) Rajawella, Sri Lanka)
Wickramagamage, P. (Peradeniya Univ. Sri Lanka)
Weerasinghe, K. D. N. (Ruhuna Univ. Matara, Sri Lanka)
Navaratne, Champa M. (Ruhuna Univ. Matara, Sri Lanka)
Perera, Ruchika S. (Peradeniya Univ. Sri Lanka)
Gunesekara, Asela I. (Peradeniya Univ. Sri Lanka)
Kumara, G. M. Pradeep (Foundation for Environment, Climate and Technology (FECT) Rajawella, Sri Lanka)
Wallach, Daniel (French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) Paris, France)
Valdivia, Roberto O. (Oregon State Univ. Corvallis, OR, United States)
McDermid, Sonali (New York Univ. New York, NY, United States)
Date Acquired
June 9, 2015
Publication Date
April 24, 2015
Publication Information
Publication: Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Integrated Crop and Economic Assessments
ISBN:
Subject Category
Meteorology and Climatology
Report/Patent Number
GSFC-E-DAA-TN22326
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 144598.04.01.01.17
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Public Use Permitted.
Keywords
agriculture
climate
Sri Lanka

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