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Mars Hybrid Propulsion System Trajectory AnalysisNASAs Human spaceflight Architecture team is developing a reusable hybrid transportation architecture in which both chemical and electric propulsion systems are used to send crew and cargo to Mars destinations such as Phobos, Deimos, the surface of Mars, and other orbits around Mars. By combining chemical and electrical propulsion into a single space- ship and applying each where it is more effective, the hybrid architecture enables a series of Mars trajectories that are more fuel-efficient than an all chemical architecture without significant increases in flight times. This paper provides the analysis of the interplanetary segments of the three Evolvable Mars Campaign crew missions to Mars using the hybrid transportation architecture. The trajectory analysis provides departure and arrival dates and propellant needs for the three crew missions that are used by the campaign analysis team for campaign build-up and logistics aggregation analysis. Sensitivity analyses were performed to investigate the impact of mass growth, departure window, and propulsion system performance on the hybrid transportation architecture. The results and system analysis from this paper contribute to analyses of the other human spaceflight architecture team tasks and feed into the definition of the Evolvable Mars Campaign.
Document ID
20160006328
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Chai, Patrick R. (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Merrill, Raymond G. (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Qu, Min (Analytical Mechanics Associates, Inc. Hampton, VA, United States)
Date Acquired
May 17, 2016
Publication Date
August 31, 2015
Subject Category
Spacecraft Propulsion and Power
Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
Report/Patent Number
NF1676L-20722
Meeting Information
AIAA SPACE 2015(Pasadena, CA)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 934844.01.03.04
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Public Use Permitted.

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