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Research Developments in Nondestructive Evaluation and Structural Health Monitoring for the Sustainment of Composite Aerospace Structures at NASAThe use of composite materials continues to increase in the aerospace community due to the potential benefits of reduced weight, increased strength, and manufacturability. Ongoing work at NASA involves the use of the large-scale composite structures for spacecraft (payload shrouds, cryotanks, crew modules, etc). NASA is also working to enable both the use and sustainment of composites in commercial aircraft structures. One key to the sustainment of these large composite structures is the rapid, in-situ characterization of a wide range of potential defects that may occur during the vehicle's life. Additionally, in many applications it is necessary to monitor changes in these materials over their lifetime. Quantitative characterization through Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) of defects such as reduced bond strength, microcracking, and delamination damage due to impact, are of particular interest. This paper will present an overview of NASA's applications of NDE technologies being developed for the characterization and sustainment of advanced aerospace composites. The approaches presented include investigation of conventional, guided wave, and phase sensitive ultrasonic methods and infrared thermography techniques for NDE. Finally, the use of simulation tools for optimizing and validating these techniques will also be discussed.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Cramer, K. Elliott
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Date Acquired
October 5, 2016
Publication Date
September 25, 2016
Subject Category
Composite Materials
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2016)(Daejeon)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 826611.04.07.02
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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