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nasa's advanced exploration systems mars transit habitat refinement point of departure designThis paper describes the recently developed point of departure design for a long duration, reusable Mars Transit Habitat, which was established during a 2016 NASA habitat design refinement activity supporting the definition of NASA's Evolvable Mars Campaign. As part of its development of sustainable human Mars mission concepts achievable in the 2030s, the Evolvable Mars Campaign has identified desired durations and mass/dimensional limits for long duration Mars habitat designs to enable the currently assumed solar electric and chemical transportation architectures. The Advanced Exploration Systems Mars Transit Habitat Refinement Activity brought together habitat subsystem design expertise from across NASA to develop an increased fidelity, consensus design for a transit habitat within these constraints. The resulting design and data (including a mass equipment list) contained in this paper are intended to help teams across the agency and potential commercial, academic, or international partners understand: 1) the current architecture/habitat guidelines and assumptions, 2) performance targets of such a habitat (particularly in mass, volume, and power), 3) the driving technology/capability developments and architectural solutions which are necessary for achieving these targets, and 4) mass reduction opportunities and research/design needs to inform the development of future research and proposals. Data presented includes: an overview of the habitat refinement activity including motivation and process when informative; full documentation of the baseline design guidelines and assumptions; detailed mass and volume breakdowns; a moderately detailed concept of operations; a preliminary interior layout design with rationale; a list of the required capabilities necessary to enable the desired mass; and identification of any worthwhile trades/analyses which could inform future habitat design efforts. As a whole, the data in the paper show that a transit habitat meeting the 43 metric tons launch mass/trans-Mars injection burn limits specified by the Evolvable Mars Campaign is achievable near the desired timeframe with moderate strategic investments including maintainable life support systems, repurposable structures and packaging, and lightweight exercise modalities. It also identifies operational and technological options to reduce this mass to less than 41 metric tons including staging of launch structure/packaging and alternate structural materials.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Simon, Matthew
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Latorella, Kara
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Martin, John
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Cerro, Jeff
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Lepsch, Roger
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Jefferies, Sharon
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Goodliff, Kandyce
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
McCleskey, Carey
(NASA Kennedy Space Center Cocoa Beach, FL, United States)
Smitherman, David
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Stromgren, Chel
(Binera, Inc. Silver Spring, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
March 14, 2017
Publication Date
March 4, 2017
Subject Category
Spacecraft Design, Testing and Performance
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
2017 IEEE Aerospace Conference(Big Sky, MT)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 089407.01.23
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.

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