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Securing and Auto-Synchronizing Communication over Free-Space Optics Using Quantum Key Distribution and Chaotic SystemsFree-Space Optical (FSO) communication provides very large bandwidth, relatively low cost, low power, low mass of implementation, and improved security when compared to conventional Free-Space Radio-Frequency (FSRF) systems. In this paper, we demonstrate a communication protocol that demonstrates improved security and longer-range FSO communication, compared to existing FSO security techniques, such as N-slit interferometers. The protocol integrates chaotic communications with Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) techniques. A Lorenz chaotic system, which is inherently secure and auto-synchronized, is utilized for secure data communications over a classical channel, while QKD is used to exchange crucial chaotic system parameters over a secure quantum channel. We also provide a concept of operations for a NASA mission combining chaotic communications and QKD operating synergistically in an end-to-end space communications link. The experimental simulation results and analysis are favorable towards our approach.
Document ID
20180006132
Document Type
Conference Paper
External Source(s)
Authors
Mahmud, Naveed
(Kansas Univ. Lawrence, KS, United States)
El-Araby, Esam
(Kansas Univ. Lawrence, KS, United States)
Shaw, Harry
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Cooper, Lavida
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
October 9, 2018
Publication Date
August 19, 2018
Publication Information
Publication: Proceedings of SPIE
Volume: 10771
ISSN: 0277-786X
Subject Category
Space Communications, Spacecraft Communications, Command And Tracking
Report/Patent Number
GSFC-E-DAA-TN59069
Meeting Information
SPIE Photonics and Optics 2018(San Diego, CA)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Use by or on behalf of the US Gov. Permitted.
Keywords
Chaotic Communication
Quantum Key Distribution
FSO Security

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