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Nature of and Lessons Learned from Lunar Ice Cube and the First Deep Space Cubesat 'Cluster'Cubesats operating in deep space face challenges Earth-orbiting cubesats do not. 15 deep space cubesat 'prototypes' will be launched over the next two years including the two MarCO cubesats, the 2018 demonstration of dual communication system at Mars, and the 13 diverse cubesats being deployed from the SLS EM1 mission within the next two years. Three of the EM1 cubesat missions, including the first deep space cubesat 'cluster', will be lunar orbiters with remote sensing instruments for lunar surface/regolith measurements. These include: Lunar Ice Cube, with its 1-4 micron broadband IR spectrometer, BIRCHES, to determine volatile distribution as a function of time of day; Lunar Flashlight, to confirm the presence of surface ice at the lunar poles, utilizing an active source (laser), and looking for absorption features in the returning signal; and LunaH-Map to characterize ice at or below the surface at the poles with a compact neutron spectrometer. In addition, the BIRCHES instrument on Lunar Ice Cube will provide the first demonstration of a microcryocooler (AIM/IRIS) in deep space. Although not originally required to do so, all will be delivering science data to the Planetary Data System, the first formal archiving effort for cubesats. 4 of the 20 recently NASA-sponsored (PSDS3) study groups for deep space cubesat/smallsat mission concepts were lunar mission concepts, most involving 12U cubesats. NASA SIMPLEX 2/SALMON 3 AO will create ongoing opportunities for low-cost missions as 'rides' on government space program or private sector vehicles as these become available.
Document ID
20190001810
Document Type
Conference Paper
External Source(s)
Authors
Clark, Pamela
(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
MacDowall, Robert
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Farrell, William
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Brambora, Cliff
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Lunsford, Al
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Hurford, Terry
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Folta, David
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Malphrus, Benjamin
(Morehead State Univ. Morehead, KY, United States)
Grubb, Matt
(NASA Independent Verification and Validation Facility Fairmont, WV, United States)
Wilzcewski, Sarah
(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Bujold, Emily
(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
March 22, 2019
Publication Date
October 26, 2018
Publication Information
Publication: Proceedings of SPIE
Volume: 10769
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Science And Exploration
Report/Patent Number
0176-2003
GSFC-E-DAA-TN66046
Meeting Information
SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications 2018(San Diego, CA)
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NNX12AG31G
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Use by or on behalf of the US Gov. Permitted.
Keywords
Ice Cube
Volatiles
Broadband IR

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