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development concepts for mars ascent vehicle (mav) solid and hybrid vehicle systemsThe Advanced Concepts Office (ACO) at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has conducted ongoing studies and trades into options for both hybrid and solid vehicle systems for potential Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV) concepts for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Two MAV propulsion options are being studied for use in a potential Mars Sample Retrieval (MSR) campaign. The following paper describes the current concepts for hybrid and solid propulsion vehicles for MAV as part of a potential MSR campaign, and provides an overview of the ongoing studies and trades for both hybrid and solid vehicle system concepts. Concepts and options under consideration for vehicle subsystems include reaction control system (RCS), separation, and structures will be described in terms of technology readiness level (TRL), benefit to the vehicle design, and associated risk. A hybrid propulsion system, which uses a solid fuel core and liquid oxidizer, is currently being developed by JPL with support from MSFC. This type of hybrid propulsion vehicle would allow the MAV to be more flexible at the cost of higher complexity, in contrast to the solid propulsion vehicle that is simpler, but allows less flexibility. The solid propulsion vehicle study performed by MSFC in 2018 further refined the solid propulsion system sizing as well as added definition to vehicle subsystem concepts, including the RCS, structures and configuration, interstage and separation, aerodynamics, and power/avionics. The studies were performed using an iterative concept design methodology, engaging subject matter experts from across MSFC’s propulsion and vehicle systems disciplines as well as seeking trajectory feedback from analysts at JPL.
Document ID
20190002123
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
McCollum, Lisa Tunstill
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Schnell, Andrew
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Yaghoubi, Darius
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Bean, Quincy
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
McCauley, Rachel
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Prince, Andrew
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Date Acquired
April 2, 2019
Publication Date
March 2, 2019
Subject Category
Spacecraft Propulsion and Power
Report/Patent Number
M18-7053
Meeting Information
2019 IEEE Aerospace Conference(Big Sky, MT)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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