NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
Implementation of Human System Integration Workshop at NASA for Human SpaceflightThe human is a key element in the complex system of systems underlying space exploration missions. As a critical system, its operating bands and requirements need to be characterized and integrated with other systems. Optimal integration of the human system with hardware and software elements has an impact on multiple aspects of mission execution, including human health and performance, risk mitigation, effective design and functionality, enhanced safety, and reduced lifecycle costs. The field of Human Systems Integration (HSI) represents an interdisciplinary and comprehensive cross-cutting approach encompassing technical and management processes for integrating human as a system consideration and objective within and across all other system components and multiple domains. In addition to human activities, HSI covers training, operations and support dimensions. Moreover, HSI is an essential enabler to systems engineering practice, emphasizing human system aspects toward optimizing fully integrated system of systems performance while systematically infusing the needs of all users during the earliest stages of development. Consistent with the National Space Exploration Campaign, NASA is developing the Gateway, a lunar orbiting platform that will serve as astronaut habitat, support transit to deep space, validate new technologies and systems, and function as a science laboratory and communications hub, among other uses. It is an essential element of a phase that will extend human exploration into deep space through evolvable infrastructure and advanced technology, supporting assembly and logistics of other exploration architecture elements. In an effort to explore the current status and forward plan of HSI implementation in the mission (system of systems) lifecycle, the HSI Employee Resource Group conducted an HSI workshop using the Gateway Program as a case study. It revealed how different organizations at the Johnson Space Center incorporate HSI in their processes in preparation for the development and operation of the Gateway. The workshop focused on HSI methodology for implementation of the six NASA HSI domains: Human Factors Engineering, Operations Resources, Habitability and Environment, Maintainability and Supportability, Safety, and Training. Results from the workshop are reported on this paper, as well as some historical background of HSI at NASA, and the success in using an Employee Resource Group to promote technical knowledge. The authors hope that this information can be used to disseminate best practices for translational applications to other space exploration systems.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Silva-Martinez, Jackelynne
(NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Schoenstein, Nicole
(MEI Technologies, Inc. Houston, TX, United States)
Salazar, George
(NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Swarmer, Tiffany M.
(KBRwyle Science, Technology and Engineering Houston, TX, United States)
Silva, Herbert
(NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Russi-Vigoya, Natalia
(KBRwyle Science, Technology and Engineering Houston, TX, United States)
Baturoni-Cortez, Alicia
(NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Love, John
(NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Wong, Doug
(NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Walker, Rachel
(NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Date Acquired
October 28, 2019
Publication Date
October 21, 2019
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Science And Exploration
Computer Systems
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
International Astronautical Congress(Washington, DC)
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
No Preview Available