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Thermal Balance of a Manned Space StationIn order for any analysis to yield reasonable results when applied to a realistic configuration, it must account for convective, conductive, and radiative heat transfer through and within the vehicle, and, unless the vehicle surface is wholly convex, for the complex interchange of radiation between external surfaces. The following is a comprehensive view of the entire heat balance problem, including internal and external radiation, conduction, and internal convection heat transfer. In addition, a specific method of temperature control, particularly suited to manned space stations is suggested. The method makes use of the "atmosphere" within the space station as a major factor in the process of heat distribution. The vehicle air is circulated between the living quarters and an area containing the bulk of the heat generating equipment. By regulating the flow rate, temperature changes in the living quarters are minimized at the expense of increased fluctuation of the equipment are temperature. This technique has been applied to a manned orbital space station (MOSS) configuration, suggested by NASA's Langley Research Center. The feasibility of this approach has been demonstrated in terms of required and available flow rates, and the range of allowable equipment temperatures.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
George B Patterson (Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation Bethpage, New York, United States)
Arthur J Katz (Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation Bethpage, New York, United States)
Date Acquired
August 1, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1962
Publication Information
Publication: Proceedings of the National Meeting on Manned Space Flight (Unclassified Portion)
Subject Category
Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics
Meeting Information
National Meeting on Manned Space Flight(St. Louis, MO)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
Environmental control
Manned spacecraft
Space station

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IDRelationTitle19620004468Analytic PrimaryProceedings of the National Meeting on Manned Space Flight (Unclassified Portion)
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