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Artificial lunar impact craters: Four new identifications, part IThe Apollo 16 panoramic camera photographed the impact locations of the Ranger 7 and 9 spacecraft and the S-4B stage of the Apollo 14 Saturn launch vehicle. Identification of the Ranger craters was very simple because each photographed its target point before impact. Identification of the S-4B impact crater proved to be a simple matter because the impact location, as derived from earth-based tracking, displayed a prominent and unique system of mixed light and dark rays. By using the criterion of a dark ray pattern, a reexamination of the Apollo 14 500 mm Hasselblad sequence taken of the Apollo 13 S-4B impact area was made. This examination quickly led to the discovery of the ray system and the impact crater. The study of artificial lunar impact craters, ejecta blankets, and ray systems provides the long-needed link between the various experimental terrestrial impact and explosion craters, and the naturally occurring impact craters on the moon. This elementary study shows that lunar impact crater diameters are closely predictable from a knowledge of the energies involved, at least in the size range considered, and suggests that parameters, such as velocity, may have a profound effect on crater morphology and ejecta blanket albedo.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Whitaker, E. A.
(Arizona Univ. Tucson, AZ, United States)
Date Acquired
August 7, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1972
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Apollo 16 Prelim. Sci. Rept.
Subject Category
Space Sciences
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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