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Batteries for storage of wind-generated energyCost effectiveness characteristics of conventional-, metal gas-, and high energy alkali metal-batteries for wind generated energy storage are considered. A lead-acid battery with a power density of 20 to 30 watt/hours per pound is good for about 1500 charge-discharge cycles at a cost of about $80 per kilowatt hour. A zinc-chlorine battery that stores chlorine as solid chlorine hydrate at temperatures below 10 C eliminates the need to handle gaseous chlorine; its raw material cost are low and inexpensive carbon can be used for the chlorine electrode. This system has the best chance to replace lead-acid. Exotic alkali metal batteries are deemed too costly at the present stage of development.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Schwartz, H. J.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
August 7, 2013
Publication Date
December 1, 1973
Publication Information
Publication: Wind Energy Conversion Systems
Subject Category
Auxiliary Systems
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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