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A new method for monitoring global volcanic activityThe ERTS Data Collection System makes it feasible for the first time to monitor the level of activity at widely separated volcanoes and to relay these data rapidly to one central office for analysis. While prediction of specific eruptions is still an evasive goal, early warning of a reawakening of quiescent volcanoes is now a distinct possibility. A prototypical global volcano surveillance system was established under the ERTS program. Instruments were installed in cooperation with local scientists on 15 volcanoes in Alaska, Hawaii, Washington, California, Iceland, Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua. The sensors include 19 seismic event counters that count four different sizes of earthquakes and six biaxial borehole tiltmeters that measure ground tilt with a resolution of 1 microradian. Only seismic and tilt data are collected because these have been shown in the past to indicate most reliably the level of volcano activity at many different volcanoes. Furthermore, these parameters can be measured relatively easily with new instrumentation.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Ward, P. L.
(Geological Survey Menlo Park, CA, United States)
Endo, E.
(Geological Survey Menlo Park, CA, United States)
Harlow, D. H.
(Geological Survey Menlo Park, CA, United States)
Allen, R.
(Geological Survey Menlo Park, CA, United States)
Eaton, J. P.
(Geological Survey Menlo Park, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 7, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1974
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center 3d ERTS-1 Symp., Vol. 1, Sect. A
Subject Category
Report/Patent Number
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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