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Apollo food technologyLarge improvements and advances in space food systems achieved during the Apollo food program are discussed. Modifications of the Apollo food system were directed primarily toward improving delivery of adequate nutrition to the astronaut. Individual food items and flight menus were modified as nutritional countermeasures to the effects of weightlessness. Unique food items were developed, including some that provided nutritional completeness, high acceptability, and ready-to-eat, shelf-stable convenience. Specialized food packages were also developed. The Apollo program experience clearly showed that future space food systems will require well-directed efforts to achieve the optimum potential of food systems in support of the physiological and psychological well-being of astronauts and crews.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Johnson Space Center
Document Type
Book Chapter
Malcolm C. Smith
(Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas, United States)
N.D. Heidelbaugh
(Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas, United States)
Paul C. Rambaut
(Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas, United States)
R.M. Rapp
(Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas, United States)
Harry O. Wheeler
(Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas, United States)
C.S. Huber
(Technology, Inc.)
T. Bourland
(Technology, Inc.)
Date Acquired
August 8, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1975
Publication Information
Publication: Biomedical Results of Apollo
Publisher: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Volume: NASA-SP-368
Issue Publication Date: January 1, 1975
Subject Category
Aerospace Medicine
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
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