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On possible interactions between upper and lower atmosphereGeomagnetic data was compared with data on tropospheric and stratospheric circulation characteristics; a statistically significant shrinking was found in areal extent of the stratospheric vortex from the third to the eighth day following a 'geomagnetic storm' The meridionality of the 30 640-m contour line at 10 millibars increases markedly from 5 to 8 days after the storm. During the contraction of the polar vortex edge, the mean height of the vortex central contour decreases only slightly. This indicates that a stratospheric warming event is associated with a steepening of the contour gradient rather than a warming over the entire area of the stratospheric polar vortex. The troposphere reacts to these weak, but significant, stratospheric warming events by a shrinkage of the area of the 500-millibar cold air pool. This shrinkage commences about 3 days after the stratospheric warming. The investigation indicates that the energy input into the stratosphere that is received in conjunction with the geomagnetic disturbance has to come at a propitious time, when the stratospheric-tropospheric circulation system is not already undergoing a major readjustment because of an inherent dynamic instability.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Macdonald, B. C.
(Colorado State Univ. Fort Collins, CO, United States)
Reiter, E. R.
(Colorado State Univ. Fort Collins, CO, United States)
Date Acquired
August 8, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1975
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center Possible Relationships between Solar Activity and Meteorol. Phenomena
Subject Category
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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