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Geomagnetic responses to the solar wind and the solar activityFollowing some historical notes, the formation of the magnetosphere and the magnetospheric tail is discussed. The importance of electric fields is stressed and the magnetospheric convection of plasma and magnetic field lines under the influence of large-scale magnetospheric electric fields is outlined. Ionospheric electric fields and currents are intimately related to electric fields and currents in the magnetosphere and the strong coupling between the two regions is discussed. The energy input of the solar wind to the magnetosphere and upper atmosphere is discussed in terms of the reconnection model where interplanetary magnetic field lines merge or connect with the terrestrial field on the sunward side of the magnetosphere. The merged field lines are then stretched behind earth to form the magnetotail so that kinetic energy from the solar wind is converted into magnetic energy in the field lines in the tail. Localized collapses of the crosstail current, which is driven by the large-scale dawn/dusk electric field in the magnetosphere, divert part of this current along geomagnetic field lines to the ionosphere, causing substorms with auroral activity and magnetic disturbances. The collapses also inject plasma into the radiation belts and build up a ring current. Frequent collapses in rapid succession constitute the geomagnetic storm.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Svalgaard, L.
(Stanford Univ. CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 8, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1975
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center Possible Relationships between Solar Activity and Meteorol. Phenomena
Subject Category
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: N00014-67-A-0112-0068
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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