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To the problem about the origin of lunar maria and continents (Moessbauer investigations)A comparative study of Mossbauer spectra of regolith returned by the Luna 16 and Luna 20 spacecraft is presented. The Mossbauer spectra of the mare regolith differs significantly for all fractions from the spectra for the same fractions of continental regolith. The total quantity of iron is 1.85 times greater in the mare regolith. There is 2.4 times less olivine in the mare region than in the continental region. The pyroxene component of the mare regolith is less homogeneous in composition (contains more augite and glass) and is present in larger quantities. Ilmenite was found only in the mare regolith. In the continental region, the predominant titanium-containing phase is ulvospinel. The mare regolith contains more metallic iron, which is more finely dispersed and contains less nickel. Troilite is found in the maria region. Based on these differences, it is concluded that the formation of continental rocks occurred at an earlier stage of crystallization from the melt and at higher temperatures and higher partial pressures of oxygen. The mare basalts crystallized from a more reduced magma, apparently in a later process.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Malysheva, T. V.
(Academy of Sciences (USSR) Moscow, Ussr)
Date Acquired
August 9, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1977
Publication Information
Publication: NASA, Washington The Soviet-Am. Conf. on Cosmochem. of the Moon and Planets, pt. 1
Subject Category
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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