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Dustsonde measurements of the Mount St. Helens volcanic dust cloud over WyomingNumerous balloon soundings of the aerosol and condensation nuclei (CN) concentrations were made over Laramie, Wyoming following the eruption of Mount St. Helens in May of 1980. On several occasions the volatility of the particles was tested. In addition, special instrumentation was used to observe the evolution of particle size after the eruption. The particles in the initial cloud were relatively large and nonvolatile. In a relatively short time, however, the aerosol began showing a dominant volatile component. Although there were probably no CN in the original cloud due to the expected very short coagulation life time, high concentrations of unusually small CN particles were observed about a month after the eruption. By the end of September the CN profiles and associated particle size were practically back to normal. At present the aerosol particles show about a three times larger concentration than before the eruption, most of the new material being in a layer centered around 19 km. The net effect of the more recent series of eruptions during the last half of October 1980 seems to be negligible.
Document ID
19830003271
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Rosen, J. M. (Wyoming Univ. Laramie, WY, United States)
Hofmann, D. J. (Wyoming Univ. Laramie, WY, United States)
Date Acquired
August 11, 2013
Publication Date
October 1, 1982
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Langley Research Center Atmospheric Effects and Potential Climatic Impact of the 1980 Eruptions of Mt. St. Helens
Subject Category
ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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