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Mount St. Helens dust veil observed at Boulder, Colorado by optical techniquesFollowing the May 18, 1980, eruption of Mount St. Helens, photometric and photograhic observations were taken at Boulder, Colorado, to record the optical effects of volcanic dust atmospherically transported to this area. The instruments used included a narrow-beamwidth solar photometer which recorded solar irradiance in eight narrow-bandwidth channels in the wavelength range 0.3 to 1.1 microns, a solar aureole photometer, and two time-lapse camera systems. The eight-channel solar photometer data have been analyzed to obtain the wavelength dependence of optical thickness. At the longer wavelengths, on May 20, 1980, the optical thickness was as much as nine times that expected from a 'clean atmosphere' model. During the first several days following the eruption, the dust veil sometimes exhibited sufficient spatial structure that its motion can be seen on the time-lapse films. The results of analysis to date are presented and the plans for additional analysis are outlined.
Document ID
19830003285
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Lerfald, G. (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, CO, United States)
Date Acquired
August 11, 2013
Publication Date
October 1, 1982
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Langley Research Center Atmospheric Effects and Potential Climatic Impact of the 1980 Eruptions of Mt. St. Helens
Subject Category
ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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